The team from Castle Royle Golf Club, near Reading, are heading to Europe after winning the English Champion Club tournament at Huddersfield, Yorkshire.Internationals David Langley, Harrison Arnold and team-mate Tim Shin won the title by eight shots after the 36-hole competition, when all three scores counted in both rounds.They finished on six-over for a comfortable win over last year’s champions, City of Newcastle Golf Club, represented by Phil Ridden, Alex Dixon and Zak Laws.The victory has qualified the Castle Royle team, from BB&O (Berks, Bucks & Oxon), to represent England in the European Men’s Club Trophy next month in France. “That’s awesome,” said Langley. “We are really excited and looking forward to that, we hope we can do well there.”The three-man team approached this weekend’s final in positive mood. “We knew we had a strong team and that we had a good chance,” said Langley, who recently helped England win the Men’s Home Internationals, while Arnold was part of the winning England team at the Boys’ Home Internationals. Shin has been competing alongside them on the national amateur circuit and playing at a high level.“We are all good friends, so we are motivated to play well for each other,” added Langley. They got off to a quick start with a team total of two-under par for the first round, which gave them a one-shot lead over Cosby Golf Club, Leicestershire & Rutland. Six shots further back were Olton, Warwickshire and City of Newcastle.Today’s second round was played in difficult, blustery conditions but Castle Royle dug in with their combined score of eight-over. Meanwhile City of Newcastle were nine-over today (+14 in total) and moved into second place while Olton finished third (+18 total).“Today was a tougher day scoring wise and we all agreed we would just stick in there. We all have quite a lot of experience of doing that at national events and it helped us,” added Langley.“Huddersfield is a hilly, undulating golf course with slopes on the greens, and it was playing long because of the wet and the wind so it was tricky.”The three players have another big date next weekend when they’ll be part of the BB&O team at English Men’s County Finals at Aldeburgh.The best individual score of the weekend was returned by Liam Phipps of Olton who was four-under for 36 holes with rounds of 67, 71. James Reed (Exeter, Devon) and Habebul Islam (Ipswich, Suffolk) both also beat par with total of one-under.Click here for full scores 23 Sep 2018 Castle Royle win Champion Club title Tags: BB&O, Castle Royle, championships, English Champion Club
Tyler Baze11721212018%53%$1,042,811 FINISH LINES: California Chrome, 2014 Horse of the Year and that year’s Santa Anita Derby winner, worked five furlongs Saturday at his Los Alamitos headquarters in 1:01 flat for trainer Art Sherman. It was the ninth of 21 recorded works at the distance . . . Steve Rothblum, aide de camp with Team Doug O’Neill, said Donworth was scratched from today’s Met Mile at Belmont Park due to a cough. Rothblum added that Kentucky Derby winner Nyquist jogged two miles at Santa Anita Saturday morning and “looked great, full of energy.” . . . Jockey Jaime Theroit and his agent, Corey Black, were out pressing the flesh at Clockers’ Corner Saturday morning. Theroit arrived in California Thursday and hopes to make his Spring Meet riding debut soon . . . Through 22 days, Rafael Bejarano and Flavien Prat are tied for the Spring Meet riding lead at 25 each . . . Prat has been suspended three days (June 16, 17 and 18) for causing interference aboard Fashionably Handsome, who finished third in Thursday’s first race . . . Remarkable Martin Minutiae: Martin Pedroza and Martin Garcia have almost identical stat lines across the board through Friday, in mounts, wins, seconds, thirds, win percentage, and in the money percentage, as follows, with Pedroza’s numbers listed first: 56, 54; 8, 8; 5, 4; 10, 9; 14, 15; and 41, 39 . . . Apprentice rider Jose Barnes, still feeling the effects of an injury to his left ear following a riding mishap Thursday, took off his scheduled two mounts today and is not expected to ride on Sunday . . . The California Horse Racing Board will conduct its meeting Thursday, June 16, while the CHRB Race Dates Committee will meet Wednesday, June 15. Both meetings at Santa Anita Park will begin at 9:30 a.m. and the public is encouraged to attend. An audio-only webcast of the Board meeting can be heard through a link on the CHRB website (webcast). The Board agenda and supporting package of materials as well as the committee agenda and package are available on the CHRB website. Stewart Elliott605658%27%$265,855 Simon Callaghan2252223%41%$233,190 Brandon Boulanger3241313%25%$99,530 Richard Mandella2674527%62%$612,055 Martin Pedroza56851014%41%$282,280 TrainerSts1st2nd3rdWin%ITMMoney Won Joseph Talamo8114131417%51%$780,153 Brayan Pena434479%35%$105,605 Bob Baffert2865321%50%$279,980 Jerry Hollendorfer50841116%46%$587,100 Steven Miyadi1543027%47%$123,385 Robertino Diodoro1244133%75%$153,250 Martin Garcia5484915%39%$439,120 John Sadler5095718%42%$623,550 Mike Smith2565024%44%$407,266 BAFFERT TO BE HONORED BY EDWIN J. GREGSON FOUNDATIONTriple Crown winning Hall of Fame trainer Bob Baffert will be honored this summer by the Edwin J. Gregson Foundation at its annual fund-raising and awards dinner.The event will take place Monday, Aug. 15, at the Fairmont Grand Del Mar Resort, a few miles south of Del Mar Racetrack.“I’m honored to be recognized by the Gregson Foundation and to stand alongside past honorees who are truly a Who’s Who of California racing,” said Baffert.Among the Gregson Foundation’s past honorees are Baffert’s fellow trainers Jack Van Berg, Ron McAnally, Mel Stute, and the late Warren Stute, in addition to industry leaders Ann and Jerry Moss, Mace and Samantha Siegel, Dr. Jack Robbins, and Joe and Barbara Harper.Last summer, the Foundation saluted jockeys Mike Smith and Gary Stevens while raising money to provide college scholarships to the children of California’s backstretch community.“It’s pretty remarkable to see how the Gregson Foundation’s scholarship program has grown through the years and to know what a difference it has made in the lives of not only the kids, but entire families,” Baffert said. “Backstretch workers are the backbone of our industry, and this is a wonderful way to let them know they are appreciated and supported.”Tickets for the event are $300 per person. The annual event has sold out each year, and the Edwin J. Gregson Foundation encourages early purchase of tickets to assure attendance. Please contact Angie Carmona at (626) 447-2339 for further information or go to www.gregsonfoundation.com. Peter Eurton2773326%48%$294,990 Tiago Pereira67510127%40%$253,022 (Current Through Friday, June 10) SONGBIRD HAS ‘SPECTACULAR’ WORK FOR OAKSGREGSON FOUNDATION TO HONOR BOB BAFFERTDERBY WINNER NYQUIST FULL OF ENERGY IN JOG Edwin Maldonado10418171317%46%$720,576 Fernando Perez5576413%31%$255,133 Mike Puype3473421%41%$232,335 Rafael Bejarano10525201824%60%$1,455,475 Philip D’Amato641714527%56%$1,196,113 JockeyMts1st2nd3rdWin%ITMMoney Won Mark Glatt4269814%55%$264,781 Richard Baltas4177717%51%$301,689 Santiago Gonzalez10813161512%41%$670,357 Patrick Gallagher1841022%28%$118,875 James Cassidy2753319%41%$318,300 Flavien Prat8625101329%56%$1,274,061 Doug O’Neill53510109%47%$439,773 Peter Miller40511413%50%$238,495 SANTA ANITA STATISTICS EARLY SONGBIRD GETS THE WORKDespite Jerry Hollendorfer calling an audible and working Songbird a day earlier than originally planned, it was just another day at the office for the undefeated champion two-year-old female of 2015 as she breezed seven furlongs under exercise rider Edgar Rodriguez in 1:25.80, after which Hollendorfer pronounced the daughter of Medaglia d’Oro “ready” for next Saturday’s Grade II, $200,000 Summertime Oaks at 1 1/16 miles.“She went the last eighth in spectacular fashion, 12 seconds flat,” Hollendorfer said. “She’s ready. I changed my mind (on the work day). I decided at the last minute.”Songbird worked in company with stablemates Little Curlin and The Gomper, who were given five furlong clockings of 1:02.60 and 1:02.80, respectively. Songbird’s fractional times were 25.40, 37.40, 49 flat and 1:13 flat, with a one-mile gallop out recording of 1:39.Songbird’s owner, Rick Porter, who races as Fox Hill Farms, added on Facebook:“Jerry called me first thing this morning after planning a very early work for Songbird. Everyone was expecting her to work tomorrow so Jerry wanted to go this morning when he sent two of his nice horses out right in front of Songbird.“It was about five lengths when they all broke. She went behind them at her own pace and then, as planned, started running at the quarter pole and split them as nice as could please and went the last eighth in a gallop out in 12 flat. The clocker told Jerry he got her in 1:24 flat even though they published 1:25 4/5ths.“It is nice to confirm she can rate. Great work and looking forward to the race next Saturday.”Among those expected to face Songbird in the Oaks are Bellamentary, Coppa, Kay Kay, Kiss N Scat, Not Now Carolyn and That’s A Lady. Coppa worked six furlongs Saturday for Phil D’Amato in 1:14.60.Songbird has never won by less than 3 ¾ lengths. Her average margin of victory is just over five lengths. Hector O. Palma1543027%47%$77,525 Victor Espinoza3445812%50%$359,025 Ignacio Puglisi2041220%35%$116,453 Chad Lindsay3955513%38%$120,595 Mario Gutierrez4341019%35%$400,915
Hot-shot Jamaican striker Leon Bailey celebrated his nomination for the prestigious UEFA Golden Boy award with a first-half goal in KRC Genk’s 3-1 win over Italian outfit Sassuolo in the Europa League yesterday.Bailey, 19, continued his rise as one of European football’s most prized youngsters after being named on the 40-man shortlist, which contains the most impressive under-21 players on the continent.The UEFA Golden Boy award is presented by sports journalists to the most impressive young footballer in Europe and has, in the past, been handed to the likes of Barcelona’s Lionel Messi, Sergio Aguero of Manchester City, Manchester United’s Wayne Rooney, Paul Pogba and Anthony Martial, Alexander Pato of Villarreal, Mario Balotelli of French club Nice, and another Jamaican-born player, Manchester City’s Raheem Sterling.HOGGINGHEADLINESBailey has been hogging headlines in Belgium and across wider Europe after a string of impressive performances for his club, which has also seen him linked to several major clubs in England, Spain, and Italy.The attacker, who is yet to be capped by Jamaica’s senior team, scored in the 25th minute to cap a day that saw him listed among the likes of household names Marcus Rashford (Manchester United), Gabriel ‘Gabigol’ Barbosa (Inter Milan), Leroy Sane (Manchester City), Dele Alli (Tottenham), Kingsley Coman, Renato Sanches (Bayern Munich), Gianluigi Donnarumma (AC Milan), Alex Iwobi (Arsenal), Amadou Diawara (Napoli) and Marco Asensio (Real Madrid).Yesterday’s net shaker improved Bailey’s seasonal return to seven goals and four assists in eight games in all competitions.He played a key role in Genk’s qualification to the Europa League after bagging seven goals and serving up 11 assists in a breakout season last year, which saw him receiving the nod as the best young player in the Belgian top flight.Bailey is the poster boy of Craig Butler’s Pheonix Academy, which has its roots in Jamaica but has had considerable success in sourcing the European market with young Jamaican talent, which also includes Butler’s son Kyle, who is also in the Genk [email protected]
QPR plan to offer Birmingham City £6m for goalkeeper Jack Butland – possibly paving the way for Paddy Kenny to join Neil Warnock at Leeds, the Daily Mail say.Kenny has been strongly linked with a move to Elland Road since former R’s boss Warnock took over as Leeds manager.It is claimed Rangers are to make a bid for England Under-21 international Butland, who has been watched by Manchester United.Related West London Sport story: Hughes to make Villa an offer for Given (21 May)And the Mail again link QPR with Fulham’s out-of-contract striker Andy Johnson.There is more speculation about Joey Barton’s future following the FA’s decision to ban him for 12 matches for his violent outburst against Manchester City.The Daily Mirror say it would cost Rangers £10m to get rid of him. Other papers, including The Sun, suggest it would cost £11m.The Daily Star claim QPR have lined up Tottenham’s Jermaine Jenas as a £4m signing to replace Barton and are also looking to sign keeper Ben Foster from Birmingham.Stoke City boss Tony Pulis has launched a bid to sign Romelu Lukaku on loan from Chelsea, according to the Star.Pulis expressed an interest in the Belgian striker last season and is said to be keen to capture him, with West Ham also linked.The Star also say Chelsea have agreed personal terms with Porto forward Hulk.Meanwhile, The Sun say Didier Drogba has been made a lucrative offer by Juventus.It is claimed the Italian giants have offered Drogba a two-year contract worth £80,000 a week.The out-of-contract striker, who is leaving Chelsea, has been tipped to join Chinese club Shanghai Shenhua.Thursday’s Chelsea quiz: Bye-bye BosingwaDoes Joey Barton deserve to be sacked by QPR? Click here to voteFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Scott Coffelt hit a bases-clearing triple to to put the Eagles up in the first inning and robbed the visitors of a run an inning later with an acrobatic, falling-over-the-fence grab in center field as the Humboldt Eagles 19-U downed visiting Mt. Shasta 6-1, Friday afternoon at St. Bernard’s.Coffelt’s first-inning hit, a gnarly corkscrew of a ground ball through the center of the infield, put the Eagles up 3-0.Caleb Ruiz brought Coffelt the rest of the way home on the ensuing Eagles at-bat on …
21 February 2013 A meeting of major role players in South African platinum mining has spoken out against violence and committed to promoting workers’ right to associate and disassociate with any union. The meeting was assembled by Mineral Resources Minister Susan Shabangu following a violent incident at Anglo American Platinum’s (Amplats’) Siphumelele mine in Rustenburg, North West province on Monday. Thirteen people were injured in a conflict which is believed to have flared up because of rivalry between workers’ unions. Represented at the meeting in Pretoria were Amplats management, the Chamber of Mines of SA, the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), the Association for Mineworkers and Construction Union (AMCU), the National Union of Metalworkers of SA (Numsa), and UASA. The meeting, which began on Tuesday and continued on Wednesday, sought to canvass immediate actions to be taken by organised labour, business and the government in dealing with recurrent violence within South Africa’s platinum sector, as well as to look for long-term solutions. Newspaper Business Day reported that the parties had agreed in principle on a protocol on how the various role players should conduct themselves at the country’s mining operations. Chamber of Mines president Mark Cutifani, who is also Anglo American CEO-designate, told Business Day that “the fact that the minister engaged so quickly when we saw a few problems emerge on the platinum side is encouraging, and demonstrates [that] lessons have been learnt from some of the tough issues we saw last year”. All stakeholders at the meeting condemned the violence and committed to promoting workers’ right to associate and disassociate with any union. The parties once again urged workers to refrain from intimidation and violence. The Mineral Resources Department said it would continue to engage all stakeholders in the interest of ensuring that South Africa’s mining industry remains productive. The parties were to meet again on Thursday to further discuss areas of cooperation between labour and mining companies in working towards a long-term industry solution. SAnews.gov.za, with additional reporting by SAinfo
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest With the way the 2017 Spring planting season shaped up, farmers are on edge and may not have high hopes when they are out scouting fields. DuPont Pioneer Account Manager Chasitie Euler says corn may not look very good now, but there is a reason for that. She also says to be on the lookout for insect feeding this time of year. The Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins has more in this week’s DuPont Pioneer Field Report.
Many politicians have squandered away the benefits of a landslide electoral victory by doing precious little for the common man. But Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar seems inclined to make the most of the three-fourths majority given to his alliance in the recent assembly elections.He has begun his new innings in right earnest by declaring an all-out war on corruption. Less than a week after he assumed charge, he announced his government’s resolve to bring about the Right to Service Act in Bihar to facilitate timely disposal of work related to public utility services. He also talked about incorporating provisions for a penalty on officials who do not compelte their task within the stipulated time.In the following week, his government acted swiftly to confiscate the property of an official charged with amassing wealth disproportionate to his known source of income. The government will now open a school in his palatial building in keeping with Nitish’s poll-time promise.But it is his decision to abolish the local area development fund of the state legislators that has underlined his determination to rid the state of corruption. Under the scheme, MLAs and MLCs of the state had been getting a discretionary fund of Rs 1 crore per annum.This fund was created with the seemingly ‘noble’ intention of helping legislators implement development projects as per their preference in the areas of their choice but it did not remain immune to taints of graft in subsequent years. Majority of the schemes executed with this fund reeked of poor quality and hence the scheme came to be seen as perpetuating corruption.advertisementSensing the public perception of this scheme, Nitish first broached the abolition of this project during a meeting of the National Democratic Alliance ( NDA) legislators last week and sought their opinion about it. He also spelt out the reason behind it, saying the fund had caused more harm to their image in the public eye. Three days later, the state cabinet took a decision in principle to do away with this scheme and bring about an effective scheme in its place.In just one masterstroke, he put an end to this fund of Rs 1 crore each to 243 MLAs and 75 MLCs, which he can now channel to other welfare initiatives. Not only this, he also called upon all ministers and legislators to declare their income and assets every year to ensure probity in public life.Even opposition parties like the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Congress have supported this move. But more surprising is the way the NDA legislators have rallied behind him, except for the murmurings of a few. Deputy chief minister Sushil Kumar Modi says that there is no difference of opinion among the legislators over the abolition of the fund and wants the Centre to emulate it.Nitish’s decision to get the fund abolished has come at a time when the NDA had received a massive mandate and his leadership cannot be questioned by anybody within the coalition. He apparently wants to convey his seriousness about eradicating corruption from public life not only to the people in general but also to those politicians who wish to perpetuate the myth that graft is a way of life these days.Nitish’s decision has come at the right time. This has set the agenda for his government for the next five years. He has taken the bull of corruption by the horns at the outset of his new tenure. Its success will be evaluated in the next assembly election.Sonepur’s good old cattle fairThe traditional rural fairs are fast becoming pass even in Bihar but the famous Sonepur Mela seems to have retained its old charm. In an era of fun parks and mobile games, the fair – once touted as the biggest cattle fair in Asia – gives glimpses of the “real India”. The month- long mela attracts not only national and foreign tourists but also villagers from nearby areas. It has been primarily famous for the sale and purchase of animals, especially elephants, horses, dogs, cows and birds over the years.In recent times, the ban on the sale of birds and animals, including elephants, have limited its appeal but it still attracts hordes of prospective buyers. Instead of outright sale, elephants are given away as ” gifts” to tweak the rules these days. It is, however, the village market-like atmosphere that is the USP of this mela.From the typical Bihari cuisine available at food stalls to the rural wares sold at the fair, everything reminds one of good old days. The crowds of villagers swaying to the beats of catchy tunes inside the theatres also seem to be the throwback to a bygone era. The Saran district administration is often forced to cancel the licence of the theatres on the charge of obscenity but they return every year in view of their ever- growing demand among the mela revellers.advertisementA treat for Patna’s bookworms Patna Book Fair is an event that every Patnaite looks forward to every year.Bihar is considered to be a huge market by the publishers because of the people’s abiding interest in books and their love for reading.The fair attracts a large number of bookworms every day. This time, it is no different.The latest edition of the fair, inaugurated by chief minister Nitish Kumar on Friday, had more than 60,000 visitors last Sunday. But not every visitor is a potential buyer of books. Majority of them go there for reasons other than purchasing books.Some visit the fair to listen to eminent writers and other intellectuals who share their thoughts with the readers every day. Others go to explore career and employment opportunities through the stalls of different agencies and institutions. Some food stalls selling delicacies like Hyderabadi Biryani draw more crowds than many of the book stalls. And a large majority makes the most of it by having fun, loitering around under the winter sun and having an extended picnic through the day. Nitish believes that this ambience makes it a ‘fair’ in the real sense.In a lighter vein, he said that many people primarily turned up only to gaze at the crowd of book buyers. ” But how long can one go on gazing at the people?” he said.”They also end up developing an interest in reading when they look at the books.” Nitish now wants the organisers to host an international book fair in Patna in deference to the wishes of the teeming book lovers of Patna.Do not disturb! Cops sleeping It is not at all uncommon to catch policemen napping during their duty hours in Bihar.Some of them tend to make the most of the winter sun whenever they find a convenient place. At times, one can find them dozing off even in their patrol cars.But two such ‘ sleeping’ constables in Patna found themselves to be the unlucky ones when they were caught stealing forty winks by none other than the district’s senior superintendent of police B. S. Meena.The SSP saw Rakesh Kumar and Ravindra Kumar Singh sleeping near a girls’ college where they had been deployed to keep a watch on mischief mongers and eveteasers.The SSP, who happened to be passing by, promptly suspended them from duty. The suspension must surely have robbed the duo of their sleep now!BIHAR has finally found a woman sporting icon in Smita Kumari who was part of the Asian Games gold- medal winning kabbadi team. Her success is all the more striking because she fought poverty and family opposition before making it to the team. Smita developed a passion for kabaddi while watching boys play in her village. She now wants more girls to take up kabbadi and hopes that the state government would provide jobs to players to motivate them.advertisement
Southampton boss Hasenhuttl ready to sell in Januaryby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveSouthampton boss Ralph Hasenhuttl is ready to sell in January.With the January transfer window set to open next week, Hasenhuttl will have his first opportunity to make a mark on his squad.The 51-year-old, who remained tight lipped about possible departures, was unconcerned about upsetting first-team players.“It’s not about being happy, it’s about being successful. At the moment the only goal is to be successful,” he said.“I can’t take a view of the future of every player.“For me it’s important to build something up and to bring the squad back in a successful period.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
OTTAWA – China says it deplores a controversial new clause in the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement that calls on the countries to notify each other if they enter into trade talks with a “non-market” economy.In a scathing statement, the Chinese Embassy in Ottawa says section 32.10 of the new USMCA amounts to an act of political dominance by the U.S., which it blames for inserting the clause some argue gives the Americans a veto over Canada and Mexico pursuing free trade with China.The Trump administration is embroiled in a trade war with China and has slapped tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars worth of Chinese goods, prompting retaliation from Beijing.Now, China says the White House is using the contentious clause in the new agreement with Canada and Mexico to prevent those countries from trading with it.While the clause does not mention China specifically, the provision is being widely seen as an attempt to single out Beijing.China has no doubt it is the target of the clause, which requires an USMCA member country to provide notice and information to the other two partners if it plans free trade talks with a “non-market” economy. It also gives the other partners a say in the text of such a deal.In a statement to The Canadian Press, Chinese Embassy spokesman Yang Yundong calls the move “dishonest behaviour” that blatantly interferes with the sovereignty of other countries.China disputes that it is a non-market economy, saying it is a member in good standing of the World Trade Organization.“China firmly supports the multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization (WTO) at its core and props up an open world economy,” said Yang.“We oppose to fabricating the concepts of ‘market country’ and ‘non-market country’ outside the framework of WTO, which in essence is the excuse made by some countries to shirk their obligations and refuse to meet their international commitments.”China will continue to pursue commerce with other countries in the face of “trade restrictions,” added Yang.“China will consistently pursue opening-up at its own pace and continuously carry out mutually beneficial and win-win economic and trade co-operation with countries worldwide treating it in an equal-footed and friendly way.”In an interview with Reuters published Friday, U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said the USMCA pact’s “poison pill” provision to deter deals with China was a move to try to close loopholes in trade agreements that have served to legitimize China’s trade, intellectual property and industrial subsidy practices.Conservative MP Michael Chong accused the Liberals of giving up a significant degree of sovereignty in the USMCA deal.“We now have to ask for Washington’s permission to enter into trade negotiations with certain countries that the U.S will designate as non-market countries,” he said Friday.“It literally makes us a vassal state of the Americans.”A spokesman for Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland repeated the government’s view that nothing in the new trade agreement would prevent Canada from deepening its trade ties with other countries.Jim Carr, the international trade diversification minister, also played down concerns about China’s comments.Derek Burney, a veteran of Canada’s continental trade wars, blames Peter Navarro, one of U.S. President Donald Trump’s top trade advisers, for pushing China considerations into the text of the USMCA.“He is mercantilist, protectionist hawk in the administration with strong anti-China convictions,” said Burney, who was a key player in the Brian Mulroney government that negotiated the original Canada-U.S. free trade deal and the follow-up NAFTA that included Mexico.Burney said he’s not convinced the controversial clause has any teeth to prevent Canada from moving forward economically with China “as assertively” as possible.